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Peru’s Geography
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Peru’s Geography    ►
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Peru’s Geography      
Due to factors such as Peru’s location just south of the equatorial line, the Andean mountains distribution and the cold marine current along its coastline, Peru has one of the most varied weathers and landscapes in the worl.                                                  
Peru is normally divided into three large geografical regions : 

the COSTA (Coast) is the desert, flat or undalating territory adjacent to the ocean, The Peruvian coast is a microclimatic region. The region is affected by the cold Humboldt Current, the El Niño Southern Oscillation, tropical latitude, and the Andes mountain range. The central and southern coast consists mainly of a subtropical desert climate composed of sandy or rocky shores and inland cutting valleys. Days alternate between overcast skies with occasional fog in the winter and sunny skies with occasional haze in the summer, with the only precipitation being an occasional light-to-moderate drizzle that is known locally as garúa. These regions are usually characterized by having mildy cold lows (14 C°) and also mild highs (30 C°). Temperatures rarely fall below 14 C° and do not go over 30 C°. An exception is the southern coast, where it does get a bit warmer and drier for most of the year during daytime, and where it can also get much colder during winter nights (8 to 9C°). The occasional drizzle or fog of the central and southern coast is common during winter months, but even during summer days there are some foggy days. One must not forget that although it may not be as warm as typical tropical latitudes, the sun will hit and strike as if you were in any other tropical place. The northern coast, on the contrary, has a curious tropical-dry climate, generally referred to as tropical savanna. This region is a lot warmer and can be unbearable during summer months, where rainfall is also present. The region differs from the southern coast by the presence of shrubs, equotorial dry forests , mangrove forests, tropical valleys near rivers such as the Chira and the Tumbes, and is blessed with clear, sunny skies for most of the year. The average temperature is 25 C°.

The SIERRA (Andean Mountain Ranges) is the mountain territory corresponding to the Andean range. The Andes shelter the largest variety of climates in the country. The climate is semi-arid in the valleys and moist in higher elevations and towards the eastern flanks. Rainfall varies from 200 to 1500 mm per year. The rainy season starts in October and ends in April. The rainiest months are January through March where travel can be sometimes affected. The western slopes are arid to semi-arid and receive rainfall only between January and March. Below the 2500 m mark, the temperatures vary between 5 and 15 °C in the night versus 18 to 25 °C in the day. Between 2500 and 3500 meters the temperatures vary from 0 to 12 °C in the night and from 15 to 25 °C during the day. At higher elevations from 3500 to 4500 meters, the Puna ecoregion, the temperature varies from −10 to 8 °C during the night versus 15 °C during the day. The northernmost regions of the Andes around Cajamarca and Piura regions have Paramo climates.

The SELVA (jungle) The eastern portions of Peru includes the Amazon Basin or selva baja, a region that is larger in the north than in the south. Representing roughly 60% of Peru's national territory, this area includes the Amazon, Marañón, Huallaga and Ucayali Rivers. It is a vast tropical forest with countless rivers and streams. Rainfall varies from 2000 to 4000 mm per year.


Tours in Peru Complete list of our Tours in Peru ►
Maras Moray Half Day
Maras Moray Half Day
We recommended you take this tour between the months of May and September and preferably in the morning between 9 and 1 PM as a private tour. Those taking this tour will have to pay entry tickets to Maras (6 soles), and Moray (5 soles). MARAS: The...
Nazca and Paracas
Nazca and Paracas
Day 1 PARACAS You will be picked up from your hotel in Lima at 6:30 am, transfer to the bus station, at 7:30 am you'll take the Royal Class motor coach (the best there is) to Paracas (3.30 hours) upon arrival transfer to Hotel, then e...
Lima
Lima
CITY TOUR (COLONIAL AND MODERN) Duration Half Day (4 hours approx) In the morning Lima City Tour, you will be picked up from your hotel at 10 AM. The city tour begins with the visit to the Plaza the Armas, which has been declared a World Herit...
South Circuit
South Circuit
TIPON.- Tipon was a center for the worship of water. The irrigation system was unusual in that it featured deep, vertical channels in the terrace walls. The system was fed by a natural spring from the sacred mountain known as Pachatusan which flows to thi...
Holidays in Peru Complete list of our Holidays in Peru ►
Peru 14 days Arequipa - Cusco - Puno
Peru 14 days Arequipa - Cusco - Puno
Visit this three cities and even consider as a regions in the south of Peru, the contrast and the beauty of this places doesn’t have any comparison, Arequipa offer you the very dry desert area that we have in the coast of Peru, but at same time the high v...
Peru 14 days Puerto Maldonado - Cusco - Puno
Peru 14 days Puerto Maldonado - Cusco - Puno
Puerto Maldonado it is a jungle cities and around this city it is located a couple national refuges, who keeps the wild life, enjoy, see and hear the nature in Puerto Maldonado. Cusco city consider the historical and archaeological capital of Peru, eve...
Peru 10 days Arequipa - Cusco
Peru 10 days Arequipa - Cusco
Arequipa city it is the second biggest city in the Peru country, the second more important city in Peru around the economy, and a really magnificent landscaped surrounded, with volcanoes snow caped mountains around as a protector of the city, and see the ...
Peru 11 days Cusco - Puno
Peru 11 days Cusco - Puno
If you are the people who likes to enjoy, and want to know the Andes, this is your best choice, with this Itinerary you can cover areas which one are located in very high areas, in addition of this you have the chance to know and learn about history, geog...
Treks in Peru Complete list of our Treks in Peru ►
Choquekirao Trek 4d/3n
Choquekirao Trek 4d/3n
The trek of Choquequirao, demand effort to do it, makes you feel some extreme and quick variations of temperatures, from fresh temperature just in one day you can be in hot temperature, so in addition to be prepared for the cool temperatures you must be p...
Lares Trek to Machu Picchu 4d/3n
Lares Trek to Machu Picchu 4d/3n
Lares trek it is a beautiful hike in the Andes around the Vilcanota Andean range, where you can have the experience to hike only in high places but in one short way, and then arrived to Machupicchu with almost one day of exploration of this lost and magni...
The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu 5d/4n
The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu 5d/4n
The system of communications in the ancient cultures in the world it was so important for their development, so using trails they got more production and communication in between their territories, so the Inka trail to Machupicchu it is one of the evidenc...
Ausangate Trek - 6d/5n
Ausangate Trek - 6d/5n
Ausangate trek offers you the challenging to be in very high areas, some of thems a little bit remote areas, and close to the snow caped mountain of Ausangate, one of the most important mountain in the region of Cusco, this mountain consider as a protecto...
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